How Is Milk Fever In Dogs Treated?

Dog's Skin

Milk Fever, a common disease that can put the lives of nursing women at risk, is one of these. What are the causes and avoid it? This life-threatening illness is well-understood, thanks to the resources we provide.

Caring for a pregnant dog can be exhilarating and nerve-wracking, even after her puppies have been delivered. Things to keep in mind when caring for a new puppy after birth.

 “What causes milk fever?”

Breast-feeding-induced hypocalcemia, also known as canine eclampsia in the dog world, is a disorder that occurs when the mother’s body is unable to produce enough calcium when she is pregnant.

It can be fatal. At the same time, the dog is pregnant (lactational hypocalcemia). This condition can develop after the dog is born. During lactation, the mother’s milk provides her puppies with calcium. Mothers often have access to calcium in their diets and bodies, so this isn’t a concern.

They can arise when the mother’s system is drained of calcium into her milk, this is not always the case. Resulting in a life-threatening reduction in blood calcium levels, which she is unable to restore.

 As lactation progresses, it can appear anywhere from the first two to the fourth week. In certain circumstances, the date of whelping has been linked to an outbreak of sick animals, with epidemics occurring even during the mother’s pregnancy in some situations. 

On occasion, it has been recorded that identified the sickness considerably later than the six to eight-week period that should have occurred following the delivery of a puppy litter. 

What’s the cause of milk fever? 

Unable To Produce Enough Calcium

However, Milk Fever can also be aggravated by many other reasons than high calcium loss, such as: An imbalanced diet, especially one low in calcium. Prenatal calcium supplementation is just too high in doses to tolerate. During lactation, a woman’s body cannot supply enough calcium to meet the requirement for milk production.

Lactic acidosis is caused by deficiencies in the parathyroid gland, which affects calcium levels. Blood albumin levels are low enough to interfere with calcium transfer. Some dogs tend to overproduce milk. 

Is there a genetic predisposition in dogs?

When a small breed dog has a large litter of puppies, it is not uncommon. Chihuahuas, English Setters, Miniature Pinschers, Shih Tzu’s, and Miniature Poodles are the most commonly affected breeds. All canines, no matter how large or small they are, have the potential to suffer from this illness. 

The discovery that some dog breeds are more prone to illness than others, as well as the discovery that certain canine species are more sensitive to disease than others, have both been made. 

Some dog breeds are more susceptible to the disease than others, with some types being more sensitive than others in terms of disease transmission. It is a common occurrence in dogs that have previously been infected. Daughters of moms who have problems  are also at increased risk of having the illness. 

In what ways might it be diagnosed?


Milk Fever is characterized by a wide range of symptoms and indications. Symptoms can be hard to detect in the early stages, but they quickly worsen and become more serious. 

Among the first symptoms of milk fever are the following:

  • Restlessness
  • Huge gasps of exhaustion
  • Drooling
  • Rigid moves
  • Loss of desire to eat
  • Vomiting
  • Shortly, we can expect to see the following:
  • A lack of cohesion
  • Trapped tremors
  • To not be able to stand.
  • Seizures
  • Hyperthermia

Heatstroke can result from excessive tremors in extreme circumstances. Breastfeeding mothers are at risk of mortality from this problem, which is a life-threatening illness. Symptoms can be lethal in as little as 30 to 60 minutes. 

How do you treat it?

I was holding a newborn puppy. You must seek prompt veterinarian assistance if you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above or suspect that your pregnant or nursing dog has this problem. The chances of recovery are significantly increased if the disease is diagnosed and treated early. 

You should remove the puppies, keep them in a safe place, and bring your dog to the vet. Will do a blood test to confirm the diagnosis and detect the blood calcium level and any other underlying issues. 

Among the options for treatment are:

Heart rhythm alterations can occur as a result of calcium being delivered intravenously. Treatment of dehydration and shock with intravenous fluids Medication for seizure prevention. 

Even though your pet’s temperature is high, you should use an active cooling method. Within a few hours of therapy, most patients will be able to leave the hospital without needing to spend more than 12 hours there. 

To avoid a relapse, long-term hospitalization may be necessary for difficult situations. Calcium supplements are also suggested for your dog’s usage at home, and puppies must be weaned and fed by hand until they are old enough to eat independently. 

Is it possible to prevent milk fever?

Hand feeding a puppy. We are providing enough calcium to the mother during nursing by feeding her a high-quality puppy chow diet. Pregnant women should be fed a diet that is high in quality and balanced. She was giving the mother time to replace her calcium levels by hand-feeding the pups during the day. 

A large litter may increase the danger of Milk Fever in your dog if you are concerned. Please consult with your veterinarian about building a preventative approach if you have any further concerns. 

A Dog’s Recovers:

Dog's Prognosis

Calcium replacement therapy can be used to treat many cases quickly and effectively. You and your veterinarian will discuss your dog’s prognosis based on her current state of paralysis. Due to nursing, your dog may have suffered from hypocalcemia. 

Future litters could be affected by the same issue. Puppies may need to be separated from their mother and given appropriate nutrition to replace the mother’s milk. 

You may need to supplement the mother’s diet to prevent a recurrence of the disease while she is lactating. To maintain track of your dog’s calcium levels, you will need to take her to the vet once a week for an examination. Pregnant and lactating dogs can suffer if they are fed a poor diet at this time.

 During lactation, they will feed and hydrate your dog as they see fit. And early in the lactation cycle, supplement the mother’s milk with milk replacer for the pups. Pregnant women should avoid taking calcium supplements because it can cause Milk Fever.