Diabetes in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, & Treatment

Diabetes in Dogs

What Exactly Is Diabetes?

The glucose-insulin link isn’t operating properly in diabetics. Diabetes in dogs and cats is susceptible to the endocrine disease diabetes mellitus. Persistent hyperglycemia and glycosuria are used to make a proper diagnosis. Hyperglycemia is evident in the form of glycosuria as a result of the illness. Approximately 1 out of every 300 patients will experience this problem.

Stress-induced diabetes and hyperglycemia can be distinguished in cats by measuring fructosamine.

There Are Two Types Of Diabetes In Dogs: Type 1 And Type 2.

Insulin resistance diabetes (IRD) is a kind of diabetes in which the body does not respond to insulin. Because the cells aren’t reacting to insulin’s “message,” glucose isn’t being drawn from the blood and into the cells.

Diabetes in Dogs

When the pancreas produces insulin, but the dog’s body doesn’t use it properly, this is called insulin resistance. This kind of diabetes is more common in older, overweight dogs.

Diabetes Caused By A Lack Of Insulin:

Dogs with this kind of diabetes require daily injections to restore the insulin they are missing.

When the pancreas is injured or not working properly, this occurs. When the dog’s body does not produce enough insulin, this occurs.

In dogs, this is the most frequent kind of diabetes.

Reasons To Diabetic Test Your Dog:

Diabetes mellitus is a hormonal condition in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin, a hormone that helps sugar enter the cells of the body. The body’s cells are starved for sugar without insulin, which, unfortunately, drives the body to manufacture more sugar.

That’s why your dog’s blood sugar levels are so high (what we call “hyperglycemia”) when he or she has diabetes. This is a costly condition to treat in dogs, requiring twice-daily insulin and regular veterinary visits for the rest of your dog’s life.

Sugar cannot enter cells without insulin, which is why you must administer insulin to your dog twice daily using a little syringe.

So, How Do You Determine Whether Or Not Your Dog Has Diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs Manifests Itself In The Following Ways:


  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Household urination accidents
  • Urination that is excessive
  • Urine that has been diluted
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Obese or overweight
  • a voracious appetite
  • Weakness
  • Urinary tract infections on a regular basis
  • Hair that is untidy or has a bad coat
  • Neuropathies are diseases that affect the nervous system (nerve problems)
  • Cataracts can cause blindness.

As your dog becomes older, it’s a good idea to talk to your veterinarian about having routine blood work done to ensure that he or she is in good condition. This blood test will help rule out kidney and liver disease, infections, anemia, electrolyte imbalances, and diabetes.

The sooner you detect the clinical indications, the sooner your dog can receive insulin treatment, and the fewer issues we will see as a result. So, if you detect any of the symptoms listed above, make an appointment with a veterinarian straight once. Continue reading for five compelling reasons to have your dog tested for diabetes:

Your Dog Will Be Able To See The Following:

Did You Know That The Majority Of Diabetic Dogs Eventually Develop Cataracts And Go Blind?

Even in diabetic dogs with well-controlled blood sugar levels, excess sugar in the body can have a secondary effect on the lens of the eye, causing more water to influx into the lens and disrupting its clarity. While cataract surgery is possible, it is also expensive.

As a result, cataracts develop, eventually leading to blindness and subsequent inflammation in both eyes.

Your Dog Will Live For A Longer Period Of Time:

Diabetes mellitus can lower your dog’s life expectancy by causing secondary problems and infections. Diabetes causes the body to become immunosuppressed, making it more probable for diabetic complications to occur, causing long-term injury to your dog.

Diabetes in Dogs

You’ll Have Fewer Urination Accidents At Home:

Excessive drinking, urinating, and having urine accidents in the house are all indicators of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Dogs with hyperglycemia are more likely to get urinary tract infections, which can wreak havoc on your carpet.

The sooner you may start treating your dog with insulin and bring his diabetes under control or the less he will drink and urinate, making him more comfortable!

Save A Considerable Amount Of Money By Using This Method:

Because diabetic dogs cannot go without insulin, you may need to hire home sitters or pet sitters to look after your pet while you are away. Diabetes mellitus is treated with twice-daily insulin injections, insulin syringes, prescription meals, and frequent visits to the veterinarian for blood testing.

You’ll Feel More At Ease Knowing Your Dog Is In Good Health:

I want to make sure my dog is as healthy as possible as a veterinarian and dog owner. If your dog is older than 7 years old, you may already be talking to your veterinarian about immunizations every year.

Next, discuss having an annual exam and routine blood testing done with your veterinarian. It will detect medical issues sooner, allowing you to be assured that your dog will enjoy a longer, happier, and healthier life!

Having a diabetic pet is also a major commitment, as it necessitates dedicated pet owners who can administer insulin twice a day. However, with proper care and treatment, dogs can survive with diabetes for many years. Taking care of a diabetic dog necessitates frequent visits to the veterinarian to keep the blood sugar under control.

When in doubt, keep a close eye on your dog for signs of diabetes and get veterinarian advice as soon as possible to help test for this rapidly developing condition!

Diabetes In Dogs: What Can You Do?


It is especially crucial for diabetic dogs to maintain a moderate but constant exercise schedule to avoid unexpected spikes or decreases in glucose levels.



  • Your diabetic dog’s diet will be recommended by your veterinarian.
  • A diet with a low-fat content may also be recommended by your veterinarian.
  • This will usually include some high-quality protein, as well as fiber and complex carbohydrates to assist decrease glucose absorption.


The majority of diabetic dogs will require daily insulin injections under the skin, which the owner will have to learn to administer. Although it’s fair to be concerned about doing so, it’s not as difficult as it may appear. It can easily become a short and painless daily ritual for both the dog and the owner.